QuickSmart Literacy focuses on the automaticity of word recognition, fluency in reading connected texts, and development of vocabulary. The primary aim of QuickSmart is for the students to develop automaticity. QuickSmart lessons emphasise the development of conceptual understanding. Conceptual understanding is ensured by explicitly teaching strategies that emphasise the key concepts underpinning the academic skills being taught.
QuickSmart Literacy intervention sessions are structured to include a number of short and focused activities aimed at improving a student’s speed of word recognition, reading fluency, and comprehension skills. Once the program is established, at least one lesson a week focuses on reading comprehension.
Literacy Lesson Structure
The QuickSmart Literacy program consists of three 30-minute lessons per week for 30 weeks (SiMERR strongly recommends at least 90 lessons in total). Students work in pairs for lessons with the same instructor. Where possible, the pairings of students match individuals with similar learning obstacles in reading. An experienced teacher or teacher aide, who has been trained in the principles and structure of a QuickSmart lesson, delivers the program under the general supervision of a trained teacher.
Instruction is organised into units of three-to-four weeks’ duration (i.e., 9-12 lessons) that centre on sets of focus words. The sets of around thirty focus words range in difficulty, beginning with high usage three- and four-letter words, to more complex and demanding sets. The sets of focus words are either linked to a curriculum learning area, a quality literary text, or a theme of interest to the students. The focus words are incorporated in two or more passages of connected text relevant to the topic.
Each lesson involves:
- timed flashcard activities based on a set of focus words selected from a target text;
- vocabulary activities;
- repeated readings of the target text to improve a student’s reading fluency;
- scaffolded use of comprehension strategies;
- reading games designed to consolidate a student’s word recognition and word meaning knowledge;
- and regular testing on selected tasks from the OZCAAS*.
*Tasks generally used to assess and instruct the QuickSmart reading group in OZCAAS include:
- simple word recognition;
- middle word recognition;
- simple close sentence comprehension;
- middle close sentence comprehension; and
- non-word reading tasks (non-word reading is recognized as a difficult task for students with learning disabilities).
Please click here for information on how to implement QuickSmart Literacy at your school.